Creative City: From urban regeneration to privatization


  • Aleksandra Jevtović Toplica Academy of Applied Studies, Department of Business School Blace, Serbia
  • Branislav Sančanin Nikola Tesla University, Belgrade; Faculty of Management, Sremski Karlovci



creative city, urban regeneration, creative industries, cultural quarters, creative clusters


The new phase of socio-economic development and the transition from the industrial to the post-industrial era also had its spatial consequences. The urban areas, previously intended for industrial production, were abandoned and devastated. The significance of creative industries is often linked to their catalytic role in regenerating such areas. To this end, the concepts of cultural quarters, creative clusters and creative cities emerged, aiming to revitalize deteriorated zones by assigning them new meanings and innovative content. As the entire concept of creative industries is closely related to the context and local management policies, the implementation of the ideas mainly depends on the local authorities. The focus of the study is on analysing the relationship between creative solutions and spatial issues. The goal of the study is to draw attention to both positive and negative outcomes of such an approach. Concluding considerations indicate that creativity in the urban environment hinges not only on management policies but also on citizen participation and civil initiatives that arise in response to official policies.


Бајић Брковић, М. (2009). Могу ли креативне економије да производе одржива решења? Нека европска искуства. Архитектура и урбанизам, 24-25, 47-60.

Јевтовић, А. (2019). Споменик културе као ресурс свакодневице на примеру Робног магазина у Београду. Култура, 164, 352-368.

Јевтовић, А. (2021). Индустријско наслеђе и креативне иницијативе као катализатори манифестационог туризма. Култура, 170-171, 124-138.

Baum, S., O’Connor, K., & Yigitcanlar, T. (2009). The implications of creative industries for regional outcomes. International Journal of Foresight and Innovation Policy, 5(1-3), 44-64.

Bogarts, I. (2002). Investiranje u umetnost i kulturu – oruđe revitalizacije grada. In M. Dragićević Šešić (Ed.), Javna i kulturna politika: socio-kulturološki aspekti (pp. 149-165). Magna Agenda.

Dragićević Šešić, M. (2002). Stvaranje mita o gradu i politika spektakla. In M. Dragićević Šešić (Ed.), Javna i kulturna politika: socio-kulturološki aspekti (pp. 173-187). Magna Agenda.

Dragićević Šešić, M. (2017). Umetnost i kultura otpora. Institut za pozorište, film i televiziju, FDU, Clio.

Evans, G. (2004). Cultural industry quarters: From pre-industrial to post-industrial production. In D. Bell & M. Jayne (Eds.), City of quarters: Urban villages in the contemporary city (pp. 71–92). Ashgate.

Evans, G. (2009). From cultural quarters to creative clusters – creative spaces in the new city economy. In M. Legner (Ed.), The sustainability and development of cultural quarters: international perspectives (pp. 32-59). Institute of Urban History.

Fleming, T. (2004). Supporting the Cultural Quarter? The Role of the Creative Intermediary. In D. Bell & M. Jayne (Eds.). City of quarters: Urban villages in the contemporary city (pp. 93–108). Ashgate.

Florida, R. (2002). The Rise of the Creative Class: and How It’s Transforming Work, Leisure, Community and Everyday Life. Basic Books.

Florida, R. (2003). Cities and the Creative Class. City & Community, Vol 2(1), 3-19.

Garnham, N. (2005). From cultural to creative industries: An analysis of the implications of the ’creative industries’ approach to arts and media policy making in the United Kingdom. International Journal of Cultural Policy, 11(1), 15-29.

Hall, P. (2000). Creative Cities and Economic Development. Urban Studies, 37(4), 639-649.

Harvey, D. (1989). The Condition of Postmodernity: An Enquiry into the Origins of Cultural Change. Blackwell.

Harvey, D. (1993). From Space to Place and Back Again: Reflections on the Condition of Postmodernity. In J. Bird, B. Currtis, T. Putnam, G. Robertson & L. Tickner (Eds.), Mapping the Futures: Local Cultures, Global Change (pp. 2-29). Routledge.

Hemmings, S. & Kagel, M. (2010). Memory Gardens: Aesthetic Education and Political Emancipation in the „Landshaftspark Duisburg-Nord“. German Studies Review, 33(2), 243-261.

Hesmondhalgh, D. & Pratt, A. C. (2005). Cultural Industries and Cultural Policy. International Journal of Cultural Policy, 11(1), 1-13.

Hesmondhalgh, D. (2008). Cultural and Creative Industries. In T. Bennet (Ed.), The Sage Handbook of Cultural Analysis (pp. 552-569). SAGE Publishing.

Horvat, J., Krstić, D. & Mlinarević, K. (2022). Ključna određenja kreativne industrije – nazivi, pojmovi i modeli. In M. Đukić & T. Ileš (Eds.), Kretanja – Europski realiteti (pp. 321-344). Akademija za umjetnost i kulturu.

Jovičić, S. & Mikić, H. (2006). Kreativne industrije u Srbiji: Preporuke za razvoj kreativnih industrija u Srbiji. British Council.

Krätke, S. (2010). ‘Creative Cities’ and the Rise of the Dealer Class: A Critique of Richard Florida’s Approach to Urban Theory. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 34(4), 835–53.

Landry, C. & Bianchini, F. (1995). The Creative City. Demos.

Landry, C. (2008). The Creative City: A Toolkit for Urban Innovators (2nd ed). Earthscan, Comedia.

Lazzeretti, L., Boix, R. & Capone, F. (2008). Do creative industries cluster? Mapping Creative Local Production Systems in Italy and Spain. Industry and Innovation, 15(5), 549-567.

Lloyd, R. (2010). Neo-Bohemia: Art and Commerce in the Postindustrial City (2nd ed). Routledge.

Lovatt, A & O’Connor, J. (1995). Cities and the Night-time Economy. Planning Practice & Research, 10(2), 127-134.

Manević, Z. (1987). Arhitektura između biznisa i kulture. Izgradnja, 3, 35-36.

Marshall, A. (1925). Principles of Economics. Macmillan.

Mikić, H. (2008). Kreativne industrije, dizajn i konkurentnost: proaktivan pristup. CEI.

Ministarstvo prostora. Retrieved August 17, 2023, from

Mommaas, H. (2004). Cultural Clusters and the Post-industrial City: Towards the Remapping of Urban Cultural Policy. Urban Studies, 41(3), 507-532.

Moss, L. (2002). Sheffield’s cultural industries quarter 20 years on: What can be learned from a pioneering example? International Journal of Cultural Policy, 8(2), 211–219.

Mould, O. (2015). Urban Subversion and the Creative City. Routledge.

New England Council. (2000). The creative economy initiative: The role of the arts and culture in New England’s economic competitiveness. Retrieved November 29, 2022, from:

Oatley, N. & Mackie, C. (1996). Sheffield’s cultural industries quarter. Local Economy, 11(2), 172-179.

O’Connor, J. (2004). ’A Special Kind of City Knowledge’: Innovative Clusters, Tacit Knowledge and the ’Creative City’. Media International Australia Incorporating Culture and Policy, 112(1), 131-149.

O’Connor, J. (2007). The cultural and creative industries: a review of the literature. Arts Council England.

Porter, M. (1998). Clusters and the New Economics of Competition. Harward Business Review, 76(6), 77-90.

Plaza, B. (2000). Evaluating the Influence of a Large Cultural Artifact in the Attraction of Tourism: The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao Case. Urban Affairs Review, 36(2), 264-274.

Pratt, A. C. (2000). New media, the new economy and new spaces. Geoforum, 31(4), 425-436.

Pratt, A. C. (2004). Creative Clusters: Towards the Governance of the Creative Industries Production System? Media International Australia, 122, 50-66.

Pratt, A. C. (2008). Creative cities: The cultural industries and the creative class. Geografiska Annaler: Series B. Human Geography, 90(2): 107-117.

Scott, A. J. (1997). The Cultural Economy of Cities. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 21(2), 323-339.

Scott, A. J. (2004). Cultural-Products Industries and Urban Economic Development: Procpects for Growth and Market Contestation in Global Context. Urban Affairs Review, 39(4), 461-490.

Scott, A. J. (2006). Creative cities: Conceptual issues and policy questions. Journal of Urban Affairs, 28(1), 1-17.

Tay, J. (2005). Creative Cities. In J. Hartley (Ed.), Creative industries (pp. 220-232). Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Tomka, G. (2012). Kultura i lokalni razvoj. U: D. Tomka & V. Jegdić (Eds.). (2012). Turizam i lokalni razvoj (pp. 73-91). Fakultet za sport i turizam.

Tomka, G. (2014). Kreativne industrije i javne kulturne politike – geneza odnosa i aktuelne debate. TIMS. Acta, 8(1), 91-100.

UNCTAD. (2010). Creative Economy: Feasible Development Option. Retrieved December 14, 2021, from

UNESCO. (2013). Creative Economy Report. Retrieved January 21, 2022, from

Whiting, S, Barnett, T. & O’Connor, J. (2022). ‘Creative City’ R.I.P.?. M/C Journal, 25(3).

Wolfe, D. A. & Gertler, M. S. (2004). Clusters from the Inside and Out: Local Dynamics and Global Linkages. Urban Studies, 41(5-6), 1071-1093.

Work Foundation. (2007). Staying ahead: the economic perforamce of the UK’s creative industries. Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

Zukin, S. (1982). Loft Living: Culture and Capital in Urban Change. The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Zukin, S. (1991). Landscapes of Power; Form Detroit to Disney World. University of California Press.




How to Cite

Jevtović, A., & Sančanin, B. (2023). Creative City: From urban regeneration to privatization. International Scientific Conference on Economy, Management and Information Technologies, 1(1), 147–156.